Whether you have had a heart attack, a deformity from birth, or some other reason why surgery on your most important muscle is needed, you will need to find a good heart clinic. Problems requiring surgery can occur in children as young as infants to the elderly.
The surgery that occurs the most often is the coronary artery bypass. This is when a healthy one replaces a bad artery and a new path to the heart is created. This surgery can take away much of the pain in your chest and can reduce your chances of future heart attacks. Other reasons that you may need surgery at a heart clinic is to repair one or more of your heart valves so that the blood can flow through properly. It is also used to repair parts of the heart that may have been damaged due to a previous heart attack, to put in devices such as pacemakers so that your heartbeats can be monitored, or to perform a heart transplant.
Surgery in a heart clinic for open heart surgery is typically done by opening the walls of the chest and cutting through the chest bone so that the chest cavity is exposed. The patient is then attached to a machine to bypass the heart and lung so that the heart can continue pumping but moving the blood away from the heart allowing the surgeon to work without the blood getting in the way. Similar to open heart surgery is the beating heart surgery when the chest bone is cut to expose the chest cavity, but the arteries are not bypassed.
For other types of heart surgical procedures small incisions can be made between the ribs. This is less invasive as the chest cavity does not need to be exposed. Sometimes the surgeon may use a bypass machine while other times he may not, depending on the type of surgery that is being performed. This can also make for a shorter recovery time and is less risky. What is best for your and your situation is usually determined by your doctor either at your consultation or when you are brought into the heart clinic in an emergency situation.
Usually when adults have heart surgery, there are few problems and many symptoms of heart attack, their lives can be greatly improved and chances of survival go higher. Your visit to the heart clinic will help you live a better life and enjoy your family for years to come.
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