Stage-wise Symptoms Of Parkinson’s Disease

by letsthinkabout

Parkinson’s disease has been classified into five stages by Hoehn and Yahr. Their classification is based on the severity of symptoms and the degree of disability the patient experiences.

When prescribing treatment, the neurologist will take into account the stage at which the patient is perceived to be, among other things.

Stage 1 is called unilateral disease. The term means that only one side of the body shows symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.

This is considered an early stage of the illness and may last for several years. Neuroprotective treatment is common at this stage. This treatment aims to prevent further damage to the nervous system.

Vitamin E was used at this stage, but many researchers are of the opinion that this is not very effective. A selective MAO-B inhibitor called Rasigiline has shown promise.

Stage 2 of Parkinson’s disease is labeled bilateral disease. Meaning, symptoms of Parkinson’s now show up on both sides of the body. The illness is considered to be at Stage 2 even if there is an insignificant symptom (an occasional tremor, for example) on the side of the body that was symptom-free earlier.

Recent therapies at this stage include use of dopamine agonists. Till some years ago, dopamine agonists were used only at later stages of the disease. Currently, researchers are of the view that if such treatment is started earlier, complications from using drugs like Levodopa may not arise at later stages.

The disease is said to be at stage 3 when symptoms show progression and especially when the patient has difficulty in maintaining their posture. Symptoms at this stage include postural instability and falling down.

Traditionally, this is the stage at which dopamine agonists or Levodopa was prescribed, but as mentioned above, some of these drugs are now used at earlier stages itself.

Stage 4 occurs when there is an increase in the severity of symptoms including postural instability and falling. Surgery is one option for treatment at this stage. Surgery can alleviate some of the symptoms. However, this is generally recommended only for relatively young patients who are in good health otherwise.

Stage 5 is the most advanced stage of Parkinson’s disease. The patient is usually wheelchair bound. Walking is possible only with assistance.

Levodopa continues to be a prescribed drug at this stage, along with a COMT inhibitor, which ensures that the effects last longer. Surgery may also be an option, including pallidotomy, which destroys a small group of brain cells. This helps avoid the rigidity often experienced with Parkinson’s disease and may stop tremors as well.

Another possible treatment is deep brain stimulation, where electrodes are implanted into the brain tissue and stimulated with low level electric currents.

The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease progress as the patient moves from one stage to the next. Ongoing research is producing new treatments including stem cell implants and new drugs.


Caring For Someone With Alzheimers Disease

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If someone in your family has just been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Disease, the news can be upsetting and frightening for everyone. Youll be worried about the changes that youre going to be seeing this person go through as well as what the future holds for you as a family. Youve already faced the first challenge: getting the right diagnosis. If youre going to be the primary caregiver of the family member who has been diagnosed there are some things that youll need to know so that you can make life easier for everyone.

Make sure that you learn as much as you can about Alzheimer’s Disease and about being a caregiver. Youll want to find out how the disease will affect the other person, what changes will take place, and how youll be able to provide the help that is needed so that the person retains as much of their dignity and independence as they can. You want to preserve as much of the quality of life as possible so that everyone involved feels like they are still in control and managing okay. The information that you learn about Alzheimer’s Disease should be shared with those people closest to the patient, such as family members, friends, and co-workers. Contact the Alzheimer’s Society for more information since they have many resources that are there for your benefit.

Its important that you understand that Alzheimer’s Disease will have a huge impact on the person who has been diagnosed and their ability to function. This is a disease that progresses over a certain period of time.

The day to day functions of the person will be greatly affected depending on what stage of the disease they are at. You need to learn about the day to day problems that you can expect to face as a caregiver. This information will give you a better understanding of the realistic capabilities of the patient. Take some time to ask how you can help them to keep their independence and a feeling of control. Perhaps the most important thing that you need to learn is how to be patient and understanding.

Always keep the patient in sight. This means that no matter how the disease affects that patient that you always remember that they are an individual with thoughts and feelings. Treat the Alzheimer’s patient with dignity and respect at all times no matter how difficult things become for the both of you. Many of the persons abilities will be lost but they will still have feelings and emotions that need to be respected.


Disability Tax Credit For De Vivo Disease

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In people with De Vivo disease their brains do not receive the right amount of the molecule called GLUT1 or Glucose transporter type 1. The GLUT1 ensures that the human brain gets the right and enough amount of glucose needed for its function. The lack of this molecule leads to insufficient amount of glucose in the blood, which in turn will not be able to transport the adequate amount of glucose to the brain. This will then lead to a blood brain barrier resulting in mental retardation and neurological problems.

Cause of De Vivo disease
The cause of this disease is the onset of blood barrier in the body. The glucose in the blood is being barricaded from getting into the brain and if the brain is not able to receive the glucose, there will be no glucose molecules to be transported in the body. This will then result in De Vivo disease.

Some of the symptoms of De Vivo disease are
Delayed development
Small head
Seizures
Low glucose level particularly in cerebrospinal fluid
Ataxia

Complications of the disease
The most common complication is post spinal headache, which often leads to nausea. It is also characterized by delayed development or intellectual disability wherein the person has slow developments. Speech difficulties are to be expected as well. The disease is very rare and only 1 out of 10 people acquire the disease. That is why there are not too many resources about the disease and it is not widely talked about.

Disability tax benefit
De Vivo disease is really hard and a person who suffers from this needs to undergo therapy and ketogenic diet which can help with the seizures and ease the other symptoms as well. It is very obvious that a person who has this disease will not be able to study or work. However, there is a solution to that problem. You will be able to get a disability tax credit with the help of Canadian Disability Corporation (CDC). To benefit from the disability tax credit all you have to do is pass some requirements and your application will be evaluated by the professionals. The CDC is known for their fast compliance to those who wish to apply for the tax credits in order to get the benefits that will really help them a lot financially.


Periodontal Disease, Gum Disease, Gum Infections – Linked to Chronic Lung Disease

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Learn how hidden bacteria in teeth cause side effects that can endanger your life. Discover how germs trapped in teeth and tonsils mutate and metastasize like cancer cells and how these bacteria migrate to heart, kidney, eyes, brain, arthritic joints and countless other body tissues. This article is part of Dr. George Meinig’s, DDS, FACD, research information of the extensive and investigative research of Dr. Weston Price’s DDS, FACD, research work.

Link between Chronic Respiratory Disease and Periodontal Disease

According to Daily University Science News, The message delivered in a study just published in the journal of Periodontology conducted by oral biologists from the University at Buffalo. The researchers found an association between chronic respiratory disease and periodontal disease in an analysis of data from a large national database, the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, known as NHANES III.

Frank Scannapieco, D.m.D.,ph.D., associate professor of oral biology in UB,s School of Dental Medicine and lead author of the study, said the mechanism linking oral health and lung disease isn’t clear, but that bacteria in the mouth likely are to blame.

“Accumulation of disease-causing organisms associated with gum disease may increase for serious lower-respiratory-tract infection in susceptible subjects”, said Scannapieco.

“It is possible that bacteria that normally stick to the teeth are sloughed into the saliva and may be breathed into the upper airways, changing that environment and paving the way for other germs to infect the lower airways. Oral conditions likely work together with the factors, such as smoking, environmental pollutants, allergies and genetics to make existing lung problems worse”

Scannapieco’s earlier work with pneumonia in hospitalized patients suggested a potential association between respiratory diseases and poor oral health, and led him to investigate whether such a relationship exists in the general population. For the analysis, he used data from 13,792 participants in NHANES III who were at least 20 years old and had at least six natural teeth.

Questionnaires completed by participants included items about their history of respiratory disease. The physical examination measured each person’s forced expiratory volume (FEV1), or how much air a person can blow out in one second, a measure of lung health and function. A dental examination assessed the loss of gum attachment supporting the teeth, amount of gum bleeding, number of cavities and number of teeth.

Gum Disease and Respiratory Function

Analyzing these two sets of data for a relationship, the researchers found that lung function appeared to diminish as the amount of gum-attachment loss increased. Results also showed a decline in respiratory function as oral health worsened.

“We aren’t saying that if you don’t brush, you’ll develop lung disease,” said Scannapieco. “We’re saying that if you already have lung disease, taking care of your teeth and gums is especially important. It’s possible that improved oral health is one factor that may help prevent progression of this disease, which is responsible for 2.2 million deaths a year worldwide.”


A Healthy Lifestyle – Tips To Prevent Heart Disease

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Heart disease is the number killer in America; the good news is, however, that this disease can be prevented. Research and studies have shown that with the correct measures and steps taken; this disease can actually be avoided throughout an individuals life. The following is a series of tips to prevent heart disease.

Firstly, comprehend the undeniable fact that you are what you eat! This disease is mostly cause by excessive fats in your body which clogs the blood flow in your arteries. Therefore, one of the most important tips would be to consume a healthy diet. Eat foods which are low in saturated fats while increasing your fruit, vegetables and whole grains intake. Try to not visit fast food outlets that often as fast foods usually boasts an excessive amount of fat, remind yourself how much unneeded saturated fat you are taking in the next time you gulp down a extra large cheese burger.

Furthermore, individuals with high levels of stress may lead to heart ailment. This is due to the drastic rise in blood cholesterol and blood pressure when you are stressed out. So, try not to fly into a temper and always be laid back, relax and of course, smile often.

Going on, out of the handy tips to prevent heart disease, it is particularly obvious that smoking should not even be included in any of your daily activities. If you have this awful habit, quit! Seek professional help if you are having problems in quitting. Plus, exercise at a regular basis to prevent heart problem. Exercising helps you avoid the disease and at the same time burns the excess fat in your body, thus preventing obesity altogether.

As a conclusion, practice a healthy lifestyle. Instill the tips mentioned above in your daily life for both you and your hearts sake.


What Are Your Chances Of Catching An Infectious Disease On A Cruise

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Confining thousands of people to a relatively small space for days or even weeks at a time is seldom conducive to a sanitary environment. Despite this fact, more than 9 million Americans, many of them hailing from Florida, Texas, and California, boarded cruise ships for vacations in 2009, according to the Cruise Lines International Associations 2010 Market Overview. Most of the voyages were completed without incident; however, an alarmingly high number were beset with outbreaks of infectious diseases, explains an attorney. While some only suffered flu-like symptoms, the consequences were far more personally injurious for others, including hospitalization and even death.

A little over a year ago, 350 people on the Celebrity Cruise ship the Mercury fell ill, the majority of them complaining of upset stomachs, vomiting, and diarrhea. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, later confirmed what crewmembers had suspected: a Norovirus outbreak. An infectious disease commonly spread in small areas, such as nursing homes, restaurants, and cruise ships, Noroviruses are a group of related viruses that cause acute gastroenteritis in humans. People infected with the virus can spread it through direct physical contact like shaking hands or indirect, such as by touching surfaces. The virus can also be spread through food or drinks.

What is more disturbing is the fact that this was not the only outbreak to occur on the Mercury that year. The CDC collects information on the incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) illnesses on cruise ships for its Vessel Sanitation Program. In 2010, the CDC recorded a total of 14 outbreaks. Celebrity Cruise ships accounted for 4 of the incidents, 3 of which occurred on the Mercury.

In 2011, the CDC has recorded 5 outbreaks, though not all have been confirmed as Norovirus. Once again, Celebrity Cruises accounted for one of the incidents, only this time it occurred on its ship the Solstice. 118 of the 2,839 passengers became ill, and, according to one family, one of the passengers died. Recently, the children of Joseph Thomas Gavigan Jr. filed a wrongful death lawsuit against Celebrity Cruises, alleging that he died from the infection.

Prior to selecting a cruise line for your next vacation, you may want to check the results of its past sanitation inspections to prevent the injurious consequences of catching an infectious disease. The CDC publishes the reports of all cruise ships it inspects at , according to an attorney in California. However, even if a ship has scored well for cleanliness, it is still a confined public space susceptible to the spread of viruses and bacteria. One of the simplest preventative measures you can take is to wash your hands often and well.


Diet For Fatty Liver – Basics Of A Fatty Liver Disease Diet Plan

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Did you know that a simple diet could assist deal with fatty liver disease? Fatty liver disease is a liver disorder caused by too much fat, specifically triglycerides, build up in the liver. If left unaided, it can result in worse conditions such as cirrhosis and liver cancer.

The human liver has several functions such as bile production, blood regulation, detoxification, and metabolism. The liver helps emulsify fat, breaking down large fat globules into smaller ones which are broken down by lipase and other enzymes. It likewise assists regulate and manage blood sugar levels. The liver also naturally filters toxic substances and excretes them in the form of urine. Last of all, it helps metabolize carbohydrates, fat, and protein.

Once too much fat is accumulated in the liver, there might not be symptoms at first. They generally come out subsequently at a worse scenario. When someone is diagnosed with fatty liver disease, he or she can still have hope. It’s as easy as having an active lifestyle and a healthy diet that may help deal with fatty liver disease.

A fatty liver disease diet consists of low fat or non-fat food, high fiber consumption, and complex carbohydrates. One ought to likewise consider the essential vitamins, minerals, and food groups to ascertain the specific meals to take every day.

In a fatty liver disease diet, no matter if alcoholic or non-alcoholic, alcoholic beverages should be shunned. Even though meats are a good source of protein, an excessive amount of of protein in a fatty liver disease diet will stress the liver much more. Try seafood, beans, and lean meat – and especially those that have just been steamed or boiled. In any diet, much more the fatty liver disease diet, vegetables and fruit ought to constantly be present particularly green vegetables and citrus fruits which include folic acid and vitamin C, respectively. Another element in a fatty liver disease diet is the complex carbohydrate group, which could be found in whole grains, brown rice, wheat bread and pasta.

Fatty Liver Disease Diet


Acid Reflux Disease – Bubbling Stomach Acid

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Acidity in overdrive!

Acid reflux disease is the result of stomach acid is kept just not when it is assumed that … in the stomach. Instead of remaining in the stomach gastric acid rebel decides to back flow up the esophagus and back into the mouth.

Yuck!

Leaving a bitter taste evil, this stomach acid can reverse course effectively leaves erosive foci of destruction in its wake. Erosive esophagitis is the result of the destruction of the lining of the esophagus.

With at least three months of painful, frequent and persistent heartburn, you can make a diagnosis for acid reflux disease.

Heartburn is the soft comfort cousin of this more aggressive and destructive family member of acid reflux disease.. Bubbles in the stomach acid regurgitates from the stomach juices are sent back into the throat through the esophagus. . It is this bubbling stomach acid into the esophagus that causes the recording feature of acid reflux disease.

The lower esophageal sphincter – LES is the valve separating the esophagus and stomach, it is designed to be the guardian of the stomach and is intended to keep stomach acids in the stomach where they belong….However, when the LES fails to work as it was ever so well designed….stomach acids flow back.

The LES can fail through a couple of different ways such as through relaxation of the sphincter, often associated with a hiatal hernia, and by the incomplete closure of the sphincter.

The body is so perfectly designed that the LES is a valve that opens to allow food in the stomach and is intended to keep close to the acid in the esophagus.

It just happens that, when disrupted, acid reflux disease or gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD may be the result. So basically, if the LES can do its job and keep open the valve when it is supposed to be opened and closed when it is supposed to be closed – then acid reflux disease would really be a thing of the past!

The good news is that you do not have to put up with the overdrive of aidity. There are many treatment options available for the relief of this pestering and chronic disease.

Acid reflux disease does not have to control your life! Talk to your healthcare provider today and start working on the road to better health.

Just Show that the acidity who really is the boss!


Kidney Disease -A Common Cause Of Death Among Toy Poodles

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Based on surveys, the leading causes of death among Toy Poodles are old age and kidney disease. Yes kidney disease! While it affects lots of people around the world, kidney disease is also common in dogs such as Toy Poodles.

The kidneys are organs that filter blood to maintain the balance of chemicals, remove the waste products and eliminate them as urine. The kidneys also regulate blood pressure, regulate the production of body fluid and produce hormones that stimulate the production of red blood cells.

Since the kidneys play various roles for the continued health of humans and animals alike, a malfunction in this organ can cause various problems. Canine kidney failure or kidney disease occurs when the kidney ceases to function properly and becomes unable to eliminate harmful wastes from the bloodstream. Kidney disease can either be acute or chronic. Acute kidney failure is an abrupt decline in kidney function that results to poisoning or external toxins. On the other hand, chronic kidney failure is a kidney disease that develops over a period of time.

Increase in water consumption as well as increased urine production are the early clinical signs of kidney failure in dogs. As the disease progresses, more signs can be seen. These includes loss of appetite, depression, vomiting, diarrhea, bad breath and ulcers in the mouth.

To diagnose and determine the disease, urinalysis and blood tests such as blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and blood creatinine are necessary. To treat the disease, large quantities of intravenous fluids are given to flush out the kidneys. This process, called diuresis, helps stimulate the kidney cells to function again. Other initial treatments include drugs to control vomiting and diarrhea, management of blood electrolyte abnormalities and management of anemia.

Diet and nutrition also plays an important role in treating the disease. A low-protein, low-phosphorus and low-sodium diet is advisable to help regulate or slow down the progression of the disease. As much as possible, give diet that is specifically formulated for your dog’s needs. Foods specifically formulated for dogs with kidney disease has a reduced amount of protein, minerals and salt.

Added advice to all dog owners, puppy proof your home before Fido arrives. Make sure that household chemicals even laundry detergents and bleach should be out of your dog’s reach. Regular check up is also advisable especially in adult dogs to detect kidney disease early.


Pointers on Escaping Gum Disease

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Most people underestimate the impact of gum disease, and when they are exposed to statistics they are utterly frightened. A great example is a study done by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research in America, 8 out of 10 adult

Americans suffer from a form of gum disease. These findings are a call to action for everyone. Thank you for reading about gum disease treatment and dentistry. Below is all you need to know to prevent gum disease. Preventing gum disease is actually easier than it seems. Maintain yourbrilliant smile for a lifetime with a few uncomplicated techniques. The first tip is to maintain adequate hydration. Water has mind blowing effects in terms of oral health. The mouth’s number one enemy is bacteria, and water is used to create saliva, quite deadly to the bacteria. Pure water is the type alluded to. Desist in drinking soda and sugary drinks. Instead of minimizing bacterial growth, these drinks provide a home for bacteria. More information on the topic of dentistry is located at dental implants sydney cost. You must also keep up your oral hygiene routine. These activities should include daily brushing and flossing to cover all areas and in between spaces in your oral cavity. Compared to a decade ago, so many dental products have come out to help

clean your mouth, like bent flossers, mouthwashes, and engineered toothbrushes. Dentists usually recommend brushing and flossing twice a day. Be careful not to brush too often or with too much pressure, as this may actually do more harm. A good brush goes much farther than a bad one done often. Third, remember to always give your dentist a visit. At least once a year, we should get our precious choppers checked. Routine is deep cleaning, but fillings are needed for those with cavities. Maintaining a healthy diet is the fourth consideration. What you ingest will be processed and incorporated by your body. Milk, cheese, yogurt, and other calcium rich food greatly benefit one’s teeth. It is never good to smoke or use tobacco. In addition to the commonly known ill effects of tobacco use, tobacco also adversely affects your teeth. It has been proven that tobacco users have a higher probability of getting gum disease. It is baffling how the number of individuals who have gum disease is too high. Many people nowadays barely have time for health care in general. However, you can be saved by the tips given here.